What is e-juice made out of? - Emilio Masi

That’s a query that many individuals appear to be confused about. From well-that means vapers who say “It’s just water vapour” (it isn’t) to tobacco management fanatics yelling, “We don’t know what’s in it” (we do), misinformation and weird beliefs about e-liquid are all over the place.

Luckily, there’s no real thriller about how e-juice is made or what goes into it. In reality the ingredients are usually all listed on the label. That’s the law within the EU and soon shall be within the USA, but reputable juice makers have been doing it for years anyway.

So it’s straightforward to search out out what’s in your e-juice, however is that really very informative? Most of it’s chemical names, which can look intimidating – they usually also don’t say a lot about what the substances really are. That makes it straightforward for people to create scare stories, corresponding to “E-liquid accommodates antifreeze” (it doesn’t!)

Most e-liquid has four primary ingredients; there’s some variation, however not really very much. If you already know the basics you’ll be able to identify any differences quickly. Within the meantime, here’s what you possibly can anticipate to be pouring into your atomiser.

Vegetable glycerin

Liquid designed for contemporary atomisers is usually vegetable glycerin, or VG – this could be up to 80% by volume. If you want to know how it’s that e-cigs have gone from producing just a little wisp of thin vapour to belching out enormous white plumes, this is why.

Glycerin is a natural substance that can be processed from most kinds of fat. The glycerine used in e-liquid comes from vegetable oils, which is why it’s called VG, but it doesn’t really make lots of difference. One essential level is that though it’s processed from oils it isn’t an oil. In reality it’s an alcohol, which makes it safe to inhale.

VG is a non-toxic colourless liquid with no smell, but a sweet taste. It’s very thick and viscous, which means high-VG liquids don’t work well in older atomisers and small clearomisers – it’s too thick to wick well. Some liquids use aqueous glycerine to resolve this, basically just VG with some water added.

A number of widespread products comprise VG. It’s used within the food trade as a sweetener, and likewise added to some foods to maintain them moist. Many medicines include it too. Scientists have studied it for years, and it’s by no means been linked to any health problems.

Liquids with a variety of VG produce a number of dense vapour, however not quite a lot of throat hit.

Propylene glycol

Most of what isn’t VG in your liquid is probably propylene glycol, or PG. Some liquids contain more PG than VG; these work better in clearomisers and older atomisers, because they’re less viscous.

PG is an alcohol, like VG, and it’s additionally practically odourless. It has a faint candy taste, though not enough for it to be used as a sweetener; it does get added to meals, medicines and different products to maintain them moist, though.

One different use for PG is in antifreeze, and it’s because of this that some individuals like to claim e-juice accommodates antifreeze. In actual fact this is totally dishonest. PG is only one ingredient in antifreeze, and it’s really there because it’s non-poisonous; PG-primarily based antifreeze is less dangerous to children and pets. It’s value mentioning that water can be an ingredient in antifreeze; just because something is used in a product that has a reputation for being toxic, that doesn’t say anything about how harmful that substance is.

It’s true that there have been some minor health points linked to PG. It’s been studied for the reason that Nineteen Forties and is classed as typically safe; swallowing or inhaling it won’t do you any harm. A small percentage of persons are sensitive to it, although, so if liquid with a high PG content material makes you’re feeling unwell, swap to at least one with more VG.

PG produces less seen vapour than VG, so it’s unpopular with cloud chasers however favored by people who want to vape discreetly. It also carries flavours better and provides more throat hit.


Among the best things about vaping is the wide choice of delicious-tasting juices, and that’s all down to flavourings. Liquid doesn’t have a lot taste on its own, so it’s flavoured with food-grade additives.

If there are any health considerations about vaping that’s mostly down to flavourings. There are some ingredients that are safe to eat but to not inhale – diacetyl, for example. However, the trade has achieved well at eliminating additives that there are worries about. Don’t use food flavourings from the supermarket though; a few of them comprise oils, which are dangerous if inhaled. Stick to flavours from vape manufacturers, because these have been elected for maximum inhalation safety.


Finally, most liquids comprise nicotine. This is what makes vaping such an efficient substitute for smoking; you may satisfy your nicotine cravings with out having to set fire to tobacco leaves. Nicotine also provides a good throat hit, so if this is necessary to you try higher-nicotine liquids.

Though it gets loads of bad publicity, nicotine is definitely a really safe drug: It’s the smoke from cigarettes that causes harm, not the nicotine. It is toxic in high does, but there’s really no probability of poisoning yourself by vaping. Lengthy before you get to a dangerous stage it’ll make you feel slightly nauseous, then provide you with a headache. Vapers (and people who smoke) are very good at getting just as much nicotine as they need, and no more.

It’s normally best to keep away from e-liquids that include anything apart from these 4 ingredients. Nutritional vitamins, colouring, supplements like caffeine – these don’t do anything for the standard of your vape, and in contrast to flavourings they haven’t been chosen for inhalation safety. However for those who stick to the ingredients listed right here you possibly can search forward to a low-risk and luxuriate inable vaping experience.

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